2016年11月30日 星期三

AIDS, flash mob,

12月1日是世界愛滋病日。全世界共有3,670萬人感染愛滋病毒(HIV/AIDS)。當前的目標是到2030年根除愛滋病。我們雖已有長足的進步,但是這個數字還是非常高,請與我們一起努力根除此疾病。你可以加入由美國總統愛滋病救援緊急計劃(U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief)贊助的線上快閃族表達你的支持: https://goo.gl/W72xY4。了解更多: https://goo.gl/F0R7SJ
Today (December 1) is World AIDS Day. 36.7 million people live with HIV/AIDS. The goal is to reduce that number to zero by 2030. We’ve made a lot of progress, but 36.7 million is still too high a number. You can show your support by joining an online flash mob, sponsored by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).https://goo.gl/F0R7SJ

cashflow, cashback, cash for questions

cash for questions 英國政治1994:付錢給議員去提議.....



What is 'Cash Back'

Cash back can refer to two different kinds of card transactions:
1988  1) An option available to retail consumers when, during a debit card transaction, the customer can request to add an extra amount to the purchase price and receive the added amount in cash. Cash back using debit provides customers a convenient method of obtaining cash when purchasing goods and services without having to make a separate trip to an ATM or bank.
2) A cardholder benefit offered by some credit card companies that pays the cardholder a small percentage of their net expenditures (purchases less refunds). Cash back benefits often provide the cardholder with the opportunity to choose from taking the cash, or using the "points" for purchases, travel (as with miles awards for air travel) or gift cards. Typically, cardholders must reach a certain points level to redeem for cash or other benefits. Some credit cards offer varying levels of cash back depending on the purchase. For example, a cardholder might earn 5% back on gas purchases, 2% on groceries and 1%on all other purchases.


He was as much a risk-taker when it came to his money as he was when he was making decisions in Downing Street. Churchill spent wildly on everything from polo ponies to Havana cigars; between 1908 and 1914 the Churchill household spent an average of £1,160 on wine alone each year—£104,400 ($145,000) in today’s money

Churchill spent most of his life leaping from one cashflow crisis to another
He was born on November 30th 1874

2016年11月29日 星期二

Libor—the London interbank offered rate

Libor—the London interbank offered rate

He had no idea it would star in one of history’s greatest financial scandals.

It was the product of a big survey and a little math.
For all its shortcomings, Libor is still a fixture of the global financial system. After the scandal, regulators talked about scrapping the benchmark and replacing it with one based on actual trades rather than what banks say their borrowing costs are. But that proved impossible, because the number was baked into so many contracts lasting many years. In 2014 the BBA was stripped of its role overseeing Libor and replaced by Intercontinental Exchange, a U.S. derivatives-trading platform. These days, Libor is based in part on actual transactions, but it still involves guesswork. Prompted by their success with Libor, authorities around the world undertook similar investigations into benchmarks for foreign exchange, precious metals, and commodities, unearthing widespread manipulation across markets and sparking billions of dollars more in fines.

Wikipedia 中文版只有這樣多的資料:

倫敦銀行同業拆息英文London Interbank Offered Rate,簡稱LIBOR),或稱倫敦同業拆放利率,是一個英國銀行同業之間的短期資金借貸款的成本,原來由英國銀行家協會(British Banker's Association)按其選定的一批銀行,於倫敦貨幣市場報出的銀行同業拆借利率,計算出平均指標利率。此指針利率,每個銀行營業日都可能不同[1]
自2014年2月1日起,英國銀行家協會的角色由洲際交易所集團 (ICE)屬下的ICE Benchmark Administration Limited (IBA)[2]所取代。
在一家銀行內,有兩個利率,拆入利率(Bid Rate)是成本,拆出利率(Offered Rate)是收入


  1. ^ What is the London interbank offered rate? - The Guardian, Monday 17 August 2009 19.55 BST


Google自2013年從地球(Google Earth)服務衍生出具有互動性的 Timelapse 縮時攝影服務,讓使用者親眼印證了人類積年累月在地球上所留下的結果。除了阿拉斯加的哥倫比亞冰河退縮、杜拜叢生的人工島以及南極的冰川運動外,還忠實記錄了全球各地城市化對環境的衝擊。

Stunning timelapse shows £450m cruise ship being built like LEGOover 5 years in Japan





Denoting the photographic technique of taking a sequence of frames at set intervals to record changes that take place slowly over time. When the frames are shown at normal speed the action seems much faster.
縮時攝影英語:Time-lapse photography),亦稱為間隔攝影曠時攝影延時攝影,是一種將畫面拍攝頻率設定在遠低於一般觀看連續畫面所需頻率的攝影技術。


  • 雲與天空的變化
  • 植物生長及花卉開花
  • 水果腐敗
  • 建築物的建造過程
  • 城市中的人們
法國的喬治·梅里愛於1897年首先將縮時攝影用於拍攝影片《家樂福歌劇院》(Carrefour De L'Opera)。而自1909年起,尚·柯曼登(Jean Comandon)與百代電影公司合作將縮時攝影運用在生物現象的紀錄上。1920年代,縮時攝影進一步被阿諾德·弗朗克運用於一系列被稱做Bergfilms的影片中。

2016年11月28日 星期一

Ecology, Ecological engineering


Ecology - Wikipedia

Ecology (from Greek: οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of" [A]) is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology, geography, and Earth science.

Ecological engineering is an emerging study of integrating ecology andengineering, concerned with the design, monitoring, and construction of ecosystems. According to Mitsch (1996) "the design of sustainable ecosystems intends to integrate human society with its natural environment for the benefit of both".

“carbon footprint”,

As humankind faces the threat of global warming, we are becoming increasingly aware that our every indulgence will leave its mark on the environment. This is particularly true of the food we put in our mouths. 
Farming, production in factories and transport of goods are all largely powered by the burning of fossil fuels, generating greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. Scientists measure this impact as a “carbon footprint”, commonly expressed as the volume of carbon dioxide produced per 100g serving of food.
With this, it is possible to create a food pyramid based on the harm each snack and delicacy inflicts on the environment. Meat and dairy products lie at the bottom, wreaking the greatest damage, while fruit and vegetables are the most environmentally friendly at the top. Grain-based foods like bread and pasta, and confectionary lie roughly in the middle.
This approach, however, doesn’t consider how much energy our bodies get from those foods. You need to eat a far greater weight of lettuce to get the same number of calories as a rasher of bacon, for instance - with one study finding that it would release three times as many greenhouse gases to provide the same nutritional energy. Processed vegetables, or those imported from distant farms, may fare even worse.
In a paper in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Adam Drewnowski at the University of Washington in Seattle and colleagues tried to take this into account by estimating the carbon emissions for every 100 calories of different foods.
Viewed in this way, the pyramid turns upside down. Now, cake or chocolate has a carbon footprint that is about a tenth of the environmental impact of tinned or frozen vegetables, for instance. Meat tends to produce about half the carbon emissions of eggs.
This shouldn’t be seen as a green card to indulge your sweet tooth – overwhelming evidence shows the excessive consumption of sugar leads to all kinds of health problems, including diabetes and heart disease. And fresh vegetables, sourced locally, will still be the best option for the environment and your health. But the data on the images below might just help you to make a more informed decision when considering how to create a balanced and sustainable diet.

Big Brother

"If this were a just world, 13 facts would be etched on Castro’s tombstone and highlighted in every obituary, as bullet points — a fitting metaphor for someone who used firing squads to murder thousands of his own people." Via Washington Post Opinions, Outlook, and PostEverything

Thirteen facts about Fidel Castro’s cruelty should be etched on his tombstone.
Big Brother is a fictional character and symbol inGeorge Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. He is ostensibly the leader (most likely a symbolic figurehead) of Oceania, a totalitarian state wherein the ruling Party wields total power "for its own sake" over the inhabitants.

2016年11月27日 星期日

peak experience 高峰經驗, flow, flow chart, optimal experience

高峰經驗 (文潔華)


Interest in Johann Sebastian Bach has waxed and waned since his death on July 28th 1750. Sixty years ago, you “had to go to certain churches or special little concerts” if you wanted to hear his music. Better recording techniques since then has allowed Bach to pop up everywhere

Wikipedia 的"高峰經驗"項目,只有英文、荷蘭文、波蘭文、俄文,有點奇怪。
聽巴哈音樂ˇ的經驗,我提過Mary Bateson的書With a Daughter's Eye: A Memoir of Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson (1984),書中記一群知識菁英在奧國某古堡的星夜高塔聽音樂......

flow chart 

(also flow diagram)


1diagram of the sequence of movements or actions of people or things involved in acomplex system or activity.
1.1graphical representation of a computer program in relation to its sequence of functions (as distinct from the data it processes).
flow = peak experience

Scholarly articles for flow psychology of optimal experience

Optimal experiencePsychological studies of flow in … - Csikszentmihalyi - Cited by 2739
Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention - Csikszentmihalyi - Cited by 8239
Finding flow: The psychology of engagement with … - Csikszentmihalyi - Cited by 3408

每日一詞:Flow | 化境

Flow 作為一個心理學概念,flow被這樣定義:a state of complete immersion in an activity (一種全身心投入某種活動的精神狀態)。提出這個概念的心理學家米哈里·契克森米哈在其著作《Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience》中說,那是一種完全沉浸在某件工作中的狀態,在這種狀態裡,人感到充滿活力,精神高度集中,忘記了自己和周圍一切,並且從這件工作中享受到愉悅。
「Find your flow,」 你會在美國聽到人們這麼說,作為給你的幸福生活建議。
「When did you seem the most animated, the most present?」 Mr. Burnett said, by way of guiding the discussion groups.
「I don’t have flow when I’m doing art history,」 Ms. Ilcus said. 「I hate writing.」 The others listened patiently. 「My flow was doing math,」 she said. 

peak experience


A momentary awareness of joy or fulfilment, akin to ecstasy and of a higher and different quality from ordinary experience.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
peak experience is a moment accompanied by a euphoric mental state often achieved by self-actualizing individuals.[1] The concept was originally developed by Abraham Maslow in 1964, who describes peak experiences as "rare, exciting, oceanic, deeply moving, exhilarating, elevating experiences that generate an advanced form of perceiving reality, and are even mystic and magical in their effect upon the experimenter."[2][3] There are several unique characteristics of a peak experience, but each element is perceived together in a holistic manner that creates the moment of reaching one’s full potential.[4] Peak experiences can range from simple activities to intense events;[5][6] however, it is not necessarily about what the activity is, but the ecstatic, care-free feeling that is being experienced during it.[7]